Main propulsion systems controllable pitch propellers. The lips controllable pitch propeller is manufactured completely inhouse. Jul 01, 2012 controllable pitch propeller kamewa ulstein cp propeller. Actually this will depend on what kind of control system you have onboard. These type of propellers can easily be recognized from outside by the bolts that put the propeller blades in place. Smart installation of controllable pitch propellers brings the following benets ship control becomes easier and safety is improved. Controllable pitch propellers for future warships and mega yachts. Controllable pitch propeller hydraulic oil nod pdf epa. If controllable pitch propeller system fails, first follow manual mode on local or use it as fixed propeller. Controllablepitch propeller an overview sciencedirect topics. Controllable pitch propellers servogear propulsion efficiency. Cpp b type this series are mainly installed in large and medium ships. Our controllable pitch propellers system is a highly advanced computerised monitoring system with the ability to monitor required vessel speed and load, weather conditions and sea state and then automatically set the correct propeller pitch to keep the required speed whilst maintaining maxiumum fuel efficiency.
Flexibility for efficiently covering any propulsion power requirement and cp propeller application is the overall product target for manenergy solutions. Abstract this paper intends to give a short impression of the design process of a wake adapted propeller and a short historical development. Controllable pitch propeller solutions marine engineering. Controllable pitch propellers for future warships and mega. Escher wyss controllable pitch propellers cpp, provided by andritz hydro, deliver outstanding performance for naval and coast guard vessels, mega yachts, and many other special application vessels. Controllable pitch propellers for future warships and mega yachts oliver zarbock1 1andritz hydro, ravensburg, germany 1. Controllable pitch propellers can utilize full engine power by adjusting blade pitch irrespective of revolutions or conditions. Higher propulsion efficiency than with a fixed pitch propeller, optimising speed and bollard pull performances. A fixed pitch propeller is designed for one operating condition speed and rotation rate. Us4907992a oil distribution box for a marine controllable. Atype series propellers are mainly for small and mediumsized ships. This section describes the controllable pitch propeller cpp hydraulic oil discharge and includes information on. A controllablepitch propeller is made up of a boss with separate blades mounted into it. Controllable pitch propeller systems and situational awareness.
The highest powered cpp so far absorbs 44 mw, and the largest cpp has a diameter of 9400 mm. The mechanism of fixed pitch propeller is selfexplanatory by its name. With wartsila controllable pitch propeller cpp services we can support you with scheduled inspections and. Controllable pitch propellers renowned for their high efficiency and blade bearing arrangement. The big down side to a controllable pitch prop is the cost. A wartsila controllable pitch wcp propeller system consists of a hub, the propeller blades, shafting, hydraulics and a remote control system, as well as any. Pdf prediction of fretting motion in a controllable pitch. Blades are assembled in between hubs and easy to overhaul and reassemble. Controllable pitch propeller system failshow to take ship. The benefits of controllable pitch propellers cpp specifically for a sailingcursingworkboat are remarkable. Among the advantages of a controllable pitch propeller, here are the major ones.
What is the difference between fixed pitch propeller and. Propulsion solutions with wartsila controllable pitch propeller systems a wartsila controllable pitch wcp propeller system consists of a hub, the propeller blades, shafting, hydraulics and a remote control system, as well as any further accessories needed to meet the customers requirements. Cp propeller equipment introduction the purpose of this product information brochure is to act as a guide in the project planning of man diesel. Kamome propeller a smart way of using a controllable pitch propeller 6 ships equipped with controllable pitch propellers can be quickly stopped, at a greatly reduced distance. Jun 18, 2017 two types of propellers are commonly found in merchant vessels. Reversible propellersthose where the pitch can be set to negative valuescan also create reverse thrust for braking or going backwards without the need to change the direction of shaft revolution. Find your variablepitch propeller easily amongst the 39 products from the leading brands berg propulsion, man diesel, schottel. Fixed pitch propeller fpp and controllable pitch propeller cpp. The range of lips controllable pitch propellers starts at an engine power of approximately 500 kw, and a propeller diameter of mm, and in principle has no upper limit. A wide range of hub sizes is available for powers from around 500kw up to 75mw for both four and five bladed propellers.
This solution permits the transmission of higher level of power to the propellers hub with very accurate precision of pitch control. Mtu diesel engines and lm2500 gas turbine with controllable pitch propellers cpp enable the ship to move at a maximum speed up to 32 knots to a distance of 4,000 nautical miles. Tank and fullscale verification tests graph below have proven that the servogears controllable pitch propeller system is more efficient than any other known propulsion concept available for highspeed vessels operating in the range 20 50 knots. Controllable pitch propellers are used when the propeller has to be used in more than one operating condition.
Brutons propellers controllable pitch propeller system. Controllable pitch propeller kamewa ulstein cp propeller. Escher wyss has been designing controllable pitch propellers cpp for different ship types each with. Generally, propellers are of two types fixed pitch propeller fpp and controllable or variable pitch propeller cpp. In this research work, a controllable pitch propeller cpp was considered whereby the pitch was varied, but only the extreme pitch set the limit of operation and matching was done with the extreme pitch condition. Wartsila controllable pitch propellers with lips ehub reduction of fuel consumption well suited for high ship speeds nonsplit hub casting with loose hub cover extra rigidity and robust construction steel blade carriers reduction of fuel consumption due to lower propeller hub diameter ratio and higher propeller efficiency no water in hub in case of sterntube sealing. Jun 30, 2017 electrohydraulic control of controllable pitch propeller. Controllable pitch propellers cpp featherable controllable pitch propellers fcpp fixed pitch propellers fpp bridge console. In controllable or variable pitch propellers cpp, the propeller blades are attached to the boss and their pitch can be altered via a hydraulic system. Scribd is the worlds largest social reading and publishing site. The cpa controllable pitch hub is an evolution of xf5 system, renowned for its high reliability. A customised propulsion system tailored according to customer requirements. These type of propellers can easily be recognized from outside by the bolts that put the propeller blades in. The case study of a cpp propelled chemical tanker is used to analyze the application of the proposed approach.
Controllable pitch propeller for marine rudder propeller azimuth thruster bv certification the features as follows. Considerations are made to match the engines power and shaft speed, as well as the size of the vessel and the ships operating speed, with an appropriately designed propeller. Use of a controllable pitch propeller can reduce fuel and nox emissions. Uwsh manual chapter 12 controllable pitch propellers. Controllablepitch propellers are used when the propeller has to be used in more than one operating condition. Design analysis and optimal matching of a controllable pitch. A long tradition and a proud propeller heritage date back to the first alpha cpp design, which was produced in 1902 and patented in 1903. Pdf a simple electromechanical controllable pitch propeller. A variablepitch propeller or controllablepitch propeller cpp is a type of propeller with blades that can be rotated around their long axis to change the blade pitch. The optimal matching of a propeller to the hull and the diesel engine of the combine diesel or gas codog system is a critical design analysis in ship building. The optimum amount of fuel saved through conversion to a controllable pitch system was approximately 17. As early as the 1950s, controllable pitch propellers accounted for a substantial and steadily growing share of the propeller market worldwide. Pdf prediction of fretting motion in a controllable.
Wartsila controllable pitch propeller services in order to thrive in competitive markets, shipping companies need solutions that increase reliability, reduce opex and ensure longterm visibility into costs. An oil distribution box for a marine controllable pitch propeller of the type having a main hydraulic servo within a hub for controlling the pitch of propeller blades rotatably carried by the hub and including a directional valve actuated by a tubular valve rod extending through the propeller shaft from the oil distribution box comprises an outer stationary housing, a shaft received within the. Propeller design and propulsion concepts for ship operation. Controllablepitch propeller an overview sciencedirect. Fincantieri controllable pitch propellers are 3, 4, 5 blades and they are 5 or 7 blades for the fixed pitch builtup propellers.
If the pitch can be set to negative values, the reversible propeller can also create reverse thrust for braking or going backwards without the need of changing the direction of shaft revolutions. Design analysis and optimal matching of a controllable pitch propeller to the hull and diesel engine of a codog system. Controllable pitch propellers make it is easy to secure necessary speeds for forward and. The splittype propeller hub consists of fore and aft sections. Products catalog and brochure can be downloaded in pdf profile. If there were a small controllable pitch propeller available somewhere in the world designed to be driven directly by a common 3600 rpm industrial gas or diesel engine in the range of 420 hp, i can think of hundreds of small boat designs that might benefit from such a propeller. The ms explorer also experienced this problem before it sank in november of 2007.
This paper focuses on the forces acting in a controllable pitch propeller cpp mechanism and the manifestation of unwilling, small amplitude, vibrating motion fretting in a blade bearing caused. Massonmarine offer a range of controllable pitch propellers for professional applications and continuous operation. On the other side, in controllable or variable pitch. Needless to say i stopped thinking about a new hundested cpp system.
Variablepitch propeller all boating and marine industry. A propeller with a lower pitch meets the air at a greater angle and therefore drives more air. A controllable pitch propeller cpp or variable pitch propeller is a type of propeller with blades that can be rotated around their long axis to change their pitch. Two types of propellers are commonly found in merchant vessels. Your cpp has a fail safe system if due to any failure or leakage you are not able to change pitch it will automatically lock itself in forward direction. The controllable pitch propeller has found application in the majority of the propeller types and applications so far discussed in this chapter with the possible exception of the contrarotating and tandem propellers, although even in this extreme example of mechanical complexity some development work has been undertaken for certain specialist. It considers the performance analysis of the propeller, the hull and the engine both in design and off design conditions.
For the advantages that a cpp system gives, the cpp propellor is also more complex. The blades are removable so if they incur damage, can be repaired without removal of the whole propellor. Ahts psv fpso drill ship semisub controllable pitch propeller specification product description cpp a type this series are mainly installed in the medium and small ships. Pdf design analysis and optimal matching of a controllable. Electrohydraulic control of controllable pitch propeller. Due to these advantages, this type of propeller is used in a wide range of vessels, including fishing vessels, tankers, ferries, and tugboats. Abstract this paper intends to give a short impression of the design process of a wake adapted propeller and a short historical development of the mathematical models. Especially in shortsea shipping, this is a widely preferred solution. Like the gori for example it adjusts itself to a sort of optimal setting. It contains dimensional sketches, thereby making it possible to work out shaft line and engine room arrangement drawings. Reversible propellers those where the pitch can be set to negative valuescan also create reverse thrust for braking or going backwards without the need to change the. An internal mechanism enables the blades to be moved simultaneously through an arc to change the pitch angle and therefore the pitch. Controllable pitch propellers and situational awareness.
Design analysis and optimal matching of a controllable. Jun 08, 2007 if there were a small controllable pitch propeller available somewhere in the world designed to be driven directly by a common 3600 rpm industrial gas or diesel engine in the range of 420 hp, i can think of hundreds of small boat designs that might benefit from such a propeller. Controllable pitch propeller for marine rudder propellerazimuth thruster bv certification the features as follows. Wartsila controllable pitch wcp propeller systems deliver excellent performance and efficiency, while minimizing noise and vibration levels. However, the ability to control the propeller thrust by pitch setting is also used to control the vessels speed in. Servogear cpp covers an engine range of 300 to 4000 kw and speed up to 50 knots.
Analysis of the influence of the engine, propeller and. Drag can be reduced or increased to meet the sailing conditions. A propellers pitch is the angle its attached to the hub at, and consequently the angle at which it meets oncoming air. But being manually adjustable controllable is, what makes these cpp systems. Controllable pitch propellers servogear propulsion. Servogear controllable pitch propeller cpp concept servogear ecoflow propulsor. Propeller and propulsion efficiency also carries the green aspect, as every gram of fuel saved by means of higher propulsive efficiency results in a reduced. Superior strength tough and rational structural design has accomplished superior strength,especially strong and durable driving shaft and seal are adopted for longer operation. Kamewa ab in sweden claims to hold some 30 to 50 percent of todays cpp market, and has delivered to date more than 4,000 cp propellers. In this case the vessel was making considerable sternway. Controllable and fixed pitch propellers fincantieri. Controllable pitch propeller how is controllable pitch.
Pdf wartsila controllable pitch propeller systems gasper. It contains dimensional sketches, thereby making it possible to work out shaft line and engine. Furthermore, a guide line in some of the basic layout criteria is given. The cpa controllable pitch hub is an evolution of xf5 system, renowned for its high reliability and blade bearing arrangement designed to avoid peak pressures and cavitation. A wartsila controllable pitch wcp propeller system is a fully customized combination of a hub, propeller blades, shafting.
However, the ability to control the propeller thrust by pitch. Schottel controllable pitch propellers scp are the appropriate solution when highest propulsive efficiency for changing speed or load are required and best manoeuvrability is needed. Our controllable pitch propellers system is a highly advanced computerised monitoring system with the ability to monitor required vessel speed and load, weather conditions and sea state and then automatically set the correct propeller pitch to keep the required. The brochure gives a description of the basic design principles of the alpha controllable pitch cp propeller equipment. The dominant driving forces of propeller design have to be balanced to provide outstanding propulsion performance.440 1522 311 1388 1198 400 1349 1152 1273 96 626 379 1228 1263 151 118 1373 217 45 1114 1167 1217 1210 846 140 370 1541 406 1042 782 523 364 332 304 53 729 1314 456 1215 1296 1038 408 188 79 941 1320 846 426 277 891